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Bali Impressions-Animals in and around your house or Hotel-Butterflies


 Commander  -Moduza procris-Nymphalidae

Bali, Butterflies, vlinders, papillons,  Commander  , Moduza procris, Nymphalidae
Native South East Asia   Wingspan 6-7.5  cm
The male and female are similar in appearance.
It is notable for the mode of concealment employed by its caterpillar and the cryptic camouflage of its pupa..
The Commander is generally found in forested regions having moderate to heavy rainfall.
It is abundant along water courses in dry and moist deciduous forests. It is also found close to villages or wherever it's larval host-plant Mussaenda frondosa is to be found.The female Commander lays a single egg on the underside of the tip of a leaf of the food plant.
The egg is hairy and greenish and looks like a green strawberry.The egg hatches in 3 to 4 days.
The caterpillar is dirty brown with a chestnut tinge and dark brown splotches all over. The body also bears numerous processes which help to break up its outline. The behaviour of this caterpillar is very interesting in that it is one of the species of butterfly that makes long chains of frass. It eats up part of the leaf it is on and uses bits of leaves which are strung up with silk along with droppings. The caterpillar rests on the exposed mid rib of a leaf after removing the leafy portions on the sides. This behaviour may be to dissuade ants from crossing over the chain of frass behind which the caterpillar rests.Before pupating, the caterpillar wanders around, often far away from the plant it fed on. It pupates among dried leaves and twigs. The pupa is brownish in color and rough in texture. It is angular with prominent wing expansions and bears flat processes on the head which curl together lmaking a hole between them. It also has numerous lines and markings that make it look like a rolled up dried leaf.

Caterpillar feed on:

Cinchona officinalis

Mussaenda frondosa.

Neolamarckia cadamba