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The Dutch former Colonies

St. Helena 1645-1651

St. Helena was discovered May 21, 1502 , by the Portuguese navigator Joćo da Nova . The island was uninhabited when it was discovered by the Portuguese explorers. It was settled about 1645 by the Dutch . In 1651 , it passed to the British East India Company , but was retaken by the Dutch several times.

Like every remote island in the age of sail , it was a crucial resource for sailing ships that ventured into its waters. (The important ships among these were of naval and commercial nature.) Its position on the only practical route, until construction of the Suez Canal , between Western Europe to the Indian Ocean enhanced that general role. It became a British military garrison for those reasons. Napoleon Bonaparte lived in exile there from 1815 to 1821. He died on May 5, 1821. His archenemy, Wellington , had spent a short time there in 1805, on his way home from India; he was delighted with the climate. Prominent Anglo- Boer Warprisoners, including General Piet Cronje , were also detained on St. Helena.

1633  On 15th April, the Dutch government of the United  Provinces claimed possession of the Island.  There is
          no evidence that it was ever acted upon, let alone that they either fortified or occupied the Island
 

St. Helena

 

St. Helena

The Church Valley

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