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The Dutch former Colonies

Dutch East Indies

Batavia

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Within Batavia's walls, wealthy Dutch built tall houses and pestilential canals. Commercial opportunities attracted Indonesian and especially Chinese immigrants, the increasing numbers creating burdens on the city. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict Chinese migration through deportations. On 9 October 1740, 5,000 Chinese were massacred and the following year, Chinese inhabitants were moved to Glodok outside the city walls.[3] The city began to move further south as epidemics in 1835 and 1870 encouraged more people to move far south of the port. The Koningsplein, now Merdeka Square, was completed in 1818, and Kebayoran Baru was the last Dutch-built residential area.[3]

In Indonesian National Revival era, Mohammad Husni Thamrin, a member of Volksraad criticized the Colonial Government for ignoring the development of kampung (inlander's area) while focusing the development for the rich people in Menteng. He also talked on the issue of Farming Tax and other taxes which burdened people. Some of his speeches are still relevant in today's Jakarta. An important street in today's Jakarta was named after him.

 

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Andries-Beeckman---The-Castle-of-Batavia

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The-castle-Batavia-1656

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The new Gate 1682

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De-KRUYS-KERCK( church)-op-BATAVIA-1682

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de-TYGERS-GRAFT(canal)-op-BATAVIA-1682

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GOEVERNUERS-HUYS-BINNENT-KASTEEL-1682

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Het-SLACHT-ofte-VLEES-HAL-op-BATATVIA-1682

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RAET-of-STADTHUYS-1682

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SPINHUYS-1682

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T-WEESHUYS(orphans)-op-BATAVIA-1682

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VIS(fish)-MARKT-op-BATAVIA-1682

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Batavia-Townhall-1770

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Plattegrond (map)-van-Batavia-1740

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Defences-around-Batavia-in-the-1660s

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De-stad (city)-Batavia-1682

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De-walls-of-Batavia-with-the-outside-Portugese-church-1709

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The-fort-Jacatra-outside-Batavia-in-1709

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 The old castel gate-Batavia-1888

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Murdering of thousands of Chinese in Batavia 1740

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Stadhuis-Batavia

 

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